Annually, approximately 3,000 people develop kidney failure and an additional 1,000 suffer from liver failure in Nepal. In addition, out of the 1 million diabetes sufferers, it is believed that a significant amount would benefit from a transplant of the pancreas. There is no data for heart or lung failure in the country yet.
In South Asia, it is estimated that 90% of patients with kidney failure die within the first few months. Every year Nepal looses about 6 billion rupees in the treatment of kidney diseases alone. Treatment for kidney disease in Nepal began in 1989 with the first dialysis service; and only in 2008, did transplant services become available. At present, only a small number of patients with kidney disease have benefited from the kidney transplant program in Nepal as large numbers continue to travel to India or other neighboring countries for treatment. In India, the cost for a kidney transplant for a Nepali citizen is approximately 2 million Nepali rupees; whereas it costs only about 500,000 Nepali rupees for the same treatment in Nepal. Access to organ trasplant services for other illnesses such as diabetes, heart, liver and lung disease is still problematic for many Nepali citizens.